Ulster University Logo

Ulster Institutional Repository

Deprivation, Violence, and Conflict: An Analysis of “Naxalite” Activity in the Districts of India

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Borooah, Vani (2008) Deprivation, Violence, and Conflict: An Analysis of “Naxalite” Activity in the Districts of India. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 2 (2). pp. 317-333. [Journal article]

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
816Kb

DOI: urn:nbn:de:0070-ijcv-2009204

Abstract

This paper poses two questions: is it a fact that there is more violence in Naxalite (i.e. Maoist) affected districts compared to districts which are free of Naxalite activity? can the fact that Naxalite activity exists in some districts of India, but not in others, be explained by differences between districts in their economic and social conditions? Using a number of sources, this study identifies districts in India in which there was significant Naxalite activity. Correlating these findings with district level economic, social, and crime indicators, the econometric results show that, after controlling for other variables, Naxalite activity in a district had, if anything, a dampening effect on its level of violent crime and crimes against women. Furthermore, even after controlling for other variables, the probability of a district being Naxalite affected rose with an increase in its poverty rate and fell with a rise in its literacy rate. So, one prong in an anti-Naxalite strategy would be to address the twin issues of poverty and illiteracy in India. As the simulations reported in the paper show, this might go a considerable way in ridding districts of Naxalite presence.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:India, districts, deprivation, violent crime, Naxalite movement
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute for Research in Social Sciences
Institute for Research in Social Sciences > Social Work & Social Policy
ID Code:9053
Deposited By:Professor Vani Borooah
Deposited On:25 Jan 2010 15:56
Last Modified:16 Feb 2011 14:31

Repository Staff Only: item control page