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Photocatalytic and electrochemically assisted photocatalytic oxidation of formic acid on TiO2 films under UVA and UVB irradiation

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

McMurray, TA, Byrne, JA, Dunlop, PSM and McAdams, ET (2005) Photocatalytic and electrochemically assisted photocatalytic oxidation of formic acid on TiO2 films under UVA and UVB irradiation. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 35 (7-8). p. 723. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10800-005-1397-1

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10800-005-1397-1

Abstract

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalysis is a possible alternative/complementary technology for water purification. Attempts to increase the overall efficiency of the process include using higher energy UV to gain better quantum efficiency and electrochemically assisting the process by the application of an external electrical potential. In this work, nanocrystalline TiO2 films, prepared on borosilicate glass and indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) borosilicate glass, were used to investigate the photocatalytic and electrochemically assisted photocatalytic oxidation of formic acid under UVA and UVB irradiation. The experiments were carried out in a stirred tank reactor with high mass transfer characteristics. The rate of formic acid oxidation under UVB irradiation was 30% greater as compared to UVA irradiation. A maximum Phi(app) of 9% was obtained under UVA irradiation in 100% O-2 under open circuit or +1.0 V (SCE) applied potential. A maximum Phi(app) of 20.3% was obtained under UVB irradiation with 100% O-2 using TiO2 on borosilicate glass. Phi(app) was 19% for +1.0 V, 100% O-2, using TiO2 on ITO borosilicate glass under UVB irradiation. The increase in oxidation rates and Phi(app) with UVB irradiation are due to the higher extinction coefficient of TiO2 at shorter wavelengths and/or the promotion of conduction band electrons to higher more stable states, thus reducing the rate of recombination of charge carriers. The use of a UVB source as compared to a UVA source results in a significant increase in the rate of oxidation and increased apparent quantum yields, however, a cost analysis of the process would be required to determine the economic viability of employing UVB sources. Electrochemically assisted photocatalysis may prove beneficial in large-scale reactors where mass transfer limitations exist.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute > Nanotechnology & Integrated BioEngineering Centre (NIBEC)
ID Code:7474
Deposited By:Dr Patrick Dunlop
Deposited On:18 Jan 2010 12:41
Last Modified:18 Aug 2011 11:15

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