Ulster University Logo

Ulster Institutional Repository

Socioeconomic differences in risk factors for obesity in adolescents in Northern Ireland

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Mutunga, M., Gallagher, Alison, Boreham, C., Watkins, D. C., Murray, L. J., Cran, G. and Reilly, J. J. (2006) Socioeconomic differences in risk factors for obesity in adolescents in Northern Ireland. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OBESITY, 1 (2). pp. 114-119. [Journal article]

Full text not available from this repository.

DOI: 10.1080/17477160600569560

Abstract

Objectives. To test for socioeconomic differences in some biological and behavioral risk factors for obesity in a representative and contemporary sample of adolescents. Methods. Cohort study of 2 016 randomly selected 12- and 15-year-olds representative of Northern Ireland, studied in 2000. We tested for differences in obesity risk factors based on a priori hypotheses between adolescents from affluent (n=487) versus deprived (n=237) families. Potential risk factors were dietary energy and macronutrient intake, habitual physical activity, TV viewing and computer use, and physical fitness. Results. Adolescents of higher socioeconomic status reported significantly lower habitual energy intake (210 kJ/kg/d SD 80 vs. 229 kj/kg/d SD 91, p <0.01); significantly higher levels of habitual physical activity (physical activity score 25.9 SD 16.6 vs. 20.9 SD 16.4, p <0.001), and had significantly higher cardiorespiratory fitness (estimated VO2 max 46.2 ml/kg/min SD 8.4 vs. 43.4 ml/kg/min SD 8.3, p <0.001). Prevalence of overweight and obesity (BMI >= 85(th) percentile) in the cohort was 29.1% and was slightly but not significantly higher in the low (33.8%) versus the high (28.5%) socioeconomic groups. Conclusions. Differences in some of the biological and behavioral risk factors for obesity exist between adolescents of different socioeconomic status in Northern Ireland. These may help explain the basis of established socioeconomic differences in obesity risk.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
ID Code:6213
Deposited By:Dr Alison Gallagher
Deposited On:13 Jan 2010 12:38
Last Modified:13 Jan 2010 12:38

Repository Staff Only: item control page