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Nitric oxide synthase gene therapy enhances the toxicity of cisplatin in cancer cells

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Adams, Catherine, McCarthy, Helen O., Coulter, Jonathan A., Worthington, Jenny, Murphy, Claire, Robson, Tracy and Hirst, Davi G. (2009) Nitric oxide synthase gene therapy enhances the toxicity of cisplatin in cancer cells. JOURNAL OF GENE MEDICINE, 11 (2). pp. 160-168. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1002/jgm.1280

Abstract

Background Nitric oxide (NO center dot) derived from donor drugs has been shown to be an effective chemosensitizer in vitro. We investigated the combination of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene transfer, driven by a strong constitutive promoter (cytomegalovirus; CMV) with the DNA cross-linking agent cisplatin in mouse and human tumour cell lines. Methods Proof of principal experiments were performed in the radiation-induced fibrosarcoma-1 (RIF-1) murine cell line. Cells were transfected with constitutively expressed CMV/iNOS plasmid DNA using a cationic lipid vector, before exposure to cisplatin. In vivo efficacy was determined in an intradermal RIF-1 turnout model, with intraperitoneal administration of cisplatin. Additionally, treatment potential was investigated in various human turnout cell lines including human prostate (DU145 and PC3) and human colon (HT29 and HCT116) cancer cell lines. Experimental endpoints were established using western blot, Greiss test, clonogenic assay and turnout growth delay. Results Transfection of RIF-1 turnout cells in vitro with the CMV/iNOS significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of cisplatin (0.2-1.0 PM). In vivo transfer of CMV/iNOS by direct injection into established RIF-1 tumours caused a significant (p = 0.0027) delay in turnout growth. CMV/iNOS gene transfer in vitro resulted in the strong expression of iNOS DNA in all cell lines, and significantly increased levels of NO center dot in all cell lines except HCT116. Conclusions Significant chemosensitization of cisplatin cytotoxicity was observed in the presence of NO center dot derived from the overexpression iNOS. We conclude that p53 status of the various cell lines was unlikely to be responsible for cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Molecular Medicine
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Molecular Medicine > Transcriptional Regulation & Epigenetics
ID Code:5825
Deposited By:Dr Jenny Worthington
Deposited On:04 Jan 2010 09:49
Last Modified:12 Mar 2013 16:10

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