Wallace, Julie, Bonham, Maxine P, Strain, JJ, Duffy, E. M, Robson, Paula J, Ward, Mary, McNulty, Helene, Davidson, Philip W, Myers, Gary J, Shamlaye, Conrad F, Clarkson, Tom W, Molloy, Anne M, Scott, John M and Ueland, Per M (2008) Homocysteine concentration, related B vitamins, and betaine in pregnant women recruited to the Seychelles Child Development Study. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 87 (2). pp. 391-397. [Journal article]
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Background: Both folate and betaine are important predictors of total homocysteine (tHcy) during pregnancy. However, studies to date have only been undertaken in populations with Western dietary patterns. Objective: We investigated the predictors of tHcy in pregnant women recruited in the Seychelles, a population where access to fortified foods is limited and where women habitually consume diets rich in fish, eggs, rice, and fruit. Design: Pregnant women (n = 226) provided blood samples at enrollment, at week 28 of gestation, and at delivery. Cord blood was obtained from a subset of participants (n = 135). Results: As in other studies, maternal tHcy was lower during pregnancy than at delivery, whereas folate and vitamin B-12 status declined significantly to delivery. Despite low maternal folate status at delivery (median: 9.0 nmol/L), with 35% of women in the deficient range (serum folate: <6.8 nmol/L), cord blood folate status (median: 40.2 nmol/L) was similar to concentrations reported in Western populations. Folate was a significant predictor of tHcy at all time points (P < 0.001). In contrast with previous studies, betaine was only a significant predictor of maternal tHcy (P < 0.001) when the essential amino acid methionine was low. Conclusions: The current study reports 2 important findings. First, fetal requirements for folate are paramount, such that cord blood folate status is maintained, even when maternal status is low. Second, betaine is a significant predictor of tHcy in pregnant women with low serum folate and low serum methionine concentrations.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Biomedical Sciences Research Institute|
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
|Deposited By:||Dr Emeir McSorley|
|Deposited On:||13 Jan 2010 14:34|
|Last Modified:||16 Jul 2012 16:26|
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