Strain, JJ (1996) Tissue antioxidants and postmenopausal breast cancer: The European community multicentre study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction, and cancer of the breast (EURAMIC). Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers, 5 (6). pp. 441-447. [Journal article]
Full text not available from this repository.
Antioxidants may protect against free radical mediated carcinogenesis. Epidemiological studies have not confirmed this hypothesis for breast cancer, possibly because of methodological limitations. Time-integrated exposure of alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene in adipose tissue, and selenium in toenails was investigated in a case-control study among postmenopausal women, ages 50-74 years, from five European countries. The study group comprised 347 incident breast cancer cases and 374 controls. Mean antioxidant levels, adjusted for age and center, did not significantly differ for alpha-tocopherol (cases were 4.5% higher than controls), beta-carotene (3.0% lower), or selenium (1.8% lower). Odds ratios for highest versus lowest tertiles of exposure, adjusted for potential confounders, were 1.15 (95% confidence interval, 0.75-1.77), 0.74 (0.45-1.23), and 0.96 (0.63-1.47), respectively, without evidence for a decreasing trend. No statistically significant interactions were observed. Moreover, a provisional antioxidant score, indicating whether concentrations were above the median for zero, one, two, or all three antioxidants, yielded odds ratios of 1.00 (reference; all below median), 1.58, 1.58, and 1.21, respectively (chi(2) for association = 4.00; P = 0.26). These results do not support the hypothesis that antioxidants are important determinants of this hormone-related malignancy among postmenopausal women.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Biomedical Sciences Research Institute|
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
|Deposited By:||Mrs Alison Deehan|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2010 15:03|
|Last Modified:||22 Aug 2012 10:47|
Repository Staff Only: item control page