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Potential Contribution of Leisure Activity to the Energy-Expenditure Patterns of Sedentary Populations

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Livingstone, MBE, Strain, JJ, Prentice, AM, Coward, WA, Nevin, GB, Barker, ME, Hickey, RJ, McKenna, PG and Whitehead, RG (1991) Potential Contribution of Leisure Activity to the Energy-Expenditure Patterns of Sedentary Populations. British Journal of Nutrition, 65 (2). pp. 145-155. [Journal article]

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Abstract

Total daily energy expenditure (TEE) by the doubly-labelled ((H2O)-H-2-O-18 water method and basal metabolic rate (BMR) by indirect calorimetry were measured in thirty-two healthy free-living adults in Northern Ireland. Habitual physical activity patterns in occupational and discretionary activities were assessed by interview questionnaire. Expressed as a multiple of BMR the TEE values for the sixteen males (1.88(SD 0.28), range 1.44-2.57) and sixteen females (1.77(SD 0.16), range 1.50-2.06) were compatible with current Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS; 1979) and Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (FAO/WHO/UNU; 1985) estimates of energy requirements. The results suggest that discretionary physical activity is now emerging as an equally important determinant of energy expenditure in the UK as the occupational classifications currently used as the basis of DHSS (1979) and FAO/WHO/UNU (1985) recommendations for energy requirements. Therefore, realistically achievable inputs of recreational exercise can have a significant impact in counteracting low levels of energy expenditure which are associated with modern lifestyles and are implicated as a risk factor for coronary heart disease and obesity.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
ID Code:4264
Deposited By:Dr Tracy McCaffrey
Deposited On:13 Jan 2010 20:10
Last Modified:22 Aug 2012 12:00

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