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Association of physical activity with body-corn position indexes in children aged 6-8 y at varied risk of obesity

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Rennie, KL, Livingstone, Barbara, Wells, JC, McGloin, A, Coward, WA, Prentice, AM and Jebb, SA (2005) Association of physical activity with body-corn position indexes in children aged 6-8 y at varied risk of obesity. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 82 (1). pp. 13-20. [Journal article]

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Abstract

Background: Physical inactivity increases the risk of obesity, but the relations between reported levels of physical activity (PA) and measures of body fatness (BF) in children are remarkably inconsistent. Objective: We examined the relation between objective measures of PA and body-composition indexes in nonobese children. Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 100 children aged 6-8 y who were recruited according to their risk of future obesity: high-risk children had ! I obese parent [body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)): > 30] and low-risk children had 2 nonobese biological parents (BMI: < 30). Free-living activity energy expenditure (AEE) and PA level were calculated from 7-d doubly labeled water measurements, time spent in light-intensity activity was assessed by heart rate monitoring, and body composition was determined from isotopic dilution. To adjust for body size, fat mass and fat-free mass were normalized for height and expressed as fat mass index (FMI) and lean mass index (LMI), respectively. Results: High-risk children had significantly higher BMI, LMI, and FMI than did low-risk children, but no group differences in PA were found. AEE and PA level were positively associated with LMI and, after adjustment for sex and fat-free mass, negatively associated with FMI but not with BMI. Boys who spent more than the median time in light-intensity activities had significantly higher FMI than did less sedentary boys. This difference was not observed in girls. Conclusions: AEE and PA level were negatively associated with BF in nonobese children. Accurate measures of body composition are essential to appropriate assessment of relations between PA and obesity risk.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
ID Code:4223
Deposited By:Dr Tracy McCaffrey
Deposited On:13 Jan 2010 20:20
Last Modified:01 Nov 2011 11:44

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