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Randomised controlled trial of four commercial weight loss programmes in the UK: initial findings from the BBC ``diet trials''

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Truby, H, Baic, S, Delooy, A, Fox, KR, Livingstone, Barbara, Logan, CM, Macdonald, IA, Morgan, LM, Taylor, MA and Millward, DJ (2006) Randomised controlled trial of four commercial weight loss programmes in the UK: initial findings from the BBC ``diet trials''. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, 332 (7553). pp. 1309-1311. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1136/bmj.38833.411204.80

Abstract

Objective To compare the effectiveness of four commercial weight loss diets available to adults in the United Kingdom. Design Six month multicentre randomised unblinded controlled trial. Setting Community based sample of otherwise healthy overweight and obese adults. Interventions Dr Atkins' new diet revolution, Slim-Fast plan, Weight Watchers pure points programme, and Rosemary Conley's eat yourself slim diet and fitness plan. Main outcome measures Weight and body fat changes over six months. Results All diets resulted in significant loss of body fat and weight over six months. Groups did not differ significantly but loss of body fat and weight was greater in all groups compared with the control group. In an intention to treat analysis, average weight loss was 5.9 kg and average fat loss was 4.4 kg over six months. The Atkins diet resulted in significantly higher weight loss during the first four weeks, but by the end was no more or less effective than the other diets. Conclusions Clinically useful weight loss and fat loss can be achieved in adults who are motivated to follow commercial diets for a substantial period. Given the limited resources for weight management in the NHS, healthcare practitioners should discuss with their patients programmes known to be effective.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
ID Code:4220
Deposited By:Dr Tracy McCaffrey
Deposited On:13 Jan 2010 20:22
Last Modified:01 Nov 2011 12:01

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