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Short-wavelength acuity: optical factors affecting detection and resolution of blue-yellow sinusoidal gratings in foveal and peripheral vision

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Anderson, Roger, Coulter, E, Zlatkova, MB and Demirel, S (2003) Short-wavelength acuity: optical factors affecting detection and resolution of blue-yellow sinusoidal gratings in foveal and peripheral vision. VISION RESEARCH, 43 (1). pp. 101-107. [Journal article]

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Abstract

Previous studies have indicated that peripheral achromatic grating resolution is limited by the sampling density of the neural array (sampling limited), and largely unaffected by large amounts of optical defocus and significant changes in luminance. Under certain conditions, peripheral short-wavelength sensitive (SWS) grating acuity is also sampling limited. We wished to determine how the sampling-limited nature of SWS-driven grating resolution was affected by changing optical defocus and stimulus luminance. Using SWS-cone isolation techniques, detection and resolution acuity were I measured for sinusoidal gratings under varying levels of stimulus mean luminance and optical defocus in the fovea and at 20degrees eccentricity. From 1.4 down to 0.3 cd/m(2) peripheral detection acuity was superior to resolution acuity, accompanied by observations of aliasing: there was little change in resolution performance throughout this range. For defocus up to 3-4 dioptres, peripheral detection acuity was superior to resolution but fell steadily: resolution performance remained flat throughout the same range. Unlike achromatic acuity, foveal resolution performance displayed some robustness to defocus but to a lesser degree than the periphery. Peripheral SWS-driven resolution remains sampling limited for large changes in stimulus luminance and optical defocus, and,should thus be useful as a clinical test of SWS-driven ganglion cell density. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Vision
ID Code:3949
Deposited By:Dr Margarita Vidinova
Deposited On:09 Feb 2010 09:37
Last Modified:04 Aug 2011 09:51

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