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Spatial summation of S-cone ON and OFF signals: Effects of retinal eccentricity

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Vassilev, A, Mihaylova, MS, Racheva, K, Zlatkova, M and Anderson, Roger (2003) Spatial summation of S-cone ON and OFF signals: Effects of retinal eccentricity. VISION RESEARCH, 43 (27). pp. 2875-2884. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2003.08.002

Abstract

We studied spatial summation for S-cone ON and OFF signals as a function of retinal eccentricity in human subjects. S-cone isolation was obtained by the two-colour threshold method of Stiles, modified by adding blue light to the yellow background. Test stimuli were blue light increments or decrements within a circular area of variable size. These were presented for 100 ms at 0 to 20 deg along the horizontal temporal retinal meridian. Ricco's area of complete spatial summation was measured from the threshold vs. area curves. This was nearly constant and approximately the same for both types of stimuli within the 0-5 deg range and increased beyond this range. The decremental area increased faster, suggesting that separate mechanisms, presumably ON and OFF, integrate S-cone increments and decrements. The results appear to provide new evidence for the existence of separate S-cone ON and OFF pathways. We compare the data with known morphology of primate retina and assume that, if S-cone decrements are detected via separate OFF cells, these should differ in density and dendritic field size from the S-cone ON cells, but only in the retinal periphery. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Vision
ID Code:3946
Deposited By:Dr Margarita Vidinova
Deposited On:09 Feb 2010 09:49
Last Modified:04 Aug 2011 09:51

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