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Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in lettuce

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Moore, John E., Millar, B. Cherie, Kenny, Fiona, Lowery, Colm, Xiao, Lihua, Rao, Juluri R., Nicholson, Vera, Watabe, Miyuki, Heaney, Neville, Sunnotel, Olaf, McCorry, Kieran, Rooney, Paul J., Snelling, William J. and Dooley, James (2007) Detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in lettuce. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 42 (4). pp. 385-393. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2006.01235.x

Abstract

Human cryptosporidiosis has emerged as an important gastrointestinal infection in the 1990s as a result of the ingestion of mainly contaminated water and to a lesser extent foodstuffs containing the protozoan parasite, Cryptosporidium parvum. This pathogen has particular clinical significance for immunocompromised persons, including AIDS patients and cancer patients receiving toxic chemotherapeutic drug regimens. There have been a limited number of studies performed examining the occurrence of the parasite on vegetables, including lettuce. Detection rates are very dependent on the laboratory isolation technique employed and has ranged from 1.2% to 14.5%. Current best practice of laboratory recovery, isolation and detection methods include detergent removal, oocysts concentration by immunomagnetic separation, followed by a combination of immunofluorescent microscopy and a nested PCR approach. Employment of contaminated non-potable water in the production of vegetables, particularly lettuce, may represent an important potential source of entry of pathogens into food processing and the human food chain. Given that lettuce is an important constituent of hamburger dressing, and the size of the fast-food industry, where lettuce is an important constituent, horticultural producers of lettuce should therefore place special emphasis on developing suitable and efficient Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point strategies for the critical control of oocysts depending on the type of unit operation employed and vegetable being processed. This review aims to examine (i) the incidence of C. parvum in vegetables, particularly lettuce and (ii) laboratory detection methods for the isolation and identification of this parasite from lettuce.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
ID Code:3820
Deposited By:Professor James Dooley
Deposited On:06 Jan 2010 11:28
Last Modified:17 May 2012 11:50

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