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Plasma levels of the immunomodulatory cytokine interleukin-10 during normal human pregnancy: a longitudinal study

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Holmes, VA, Wallace, Julie, Gilmore, WS, McFaul, P and Alexander, HD (2003) Plasma levels of the immunomodulatory cytokine interleukin-10 during normal human pregnancy: a longitudinal study. CYTOKINE, 21 (6). pp. 265-269. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1016/S1043-4666(03)00097-8

Abstract

Pregnancy is proposed to be a Th2 phenomenon, where Th2 cytokines inhibit Th1 responses to improve foetal Survival. The importance of interleukin-10 (IL-10), an immunomodulatory cytokine produced by Th2 cells, in the maintenance of normal pregnancy is becoming increasingly apparent. In a longitudinal case-control study, the physiological effect of pregnancy on plasma IL-10 was investigated. The plasma concentration of IL-10 was determined using an ELISA technique in 99 pregnant women sampled at 12. 20 and 35 weeks of gestation, 38 non-pregnant control subjects sampled in parallel and in a subgroup of women sampled at 3 days post-partum (it. pregnant 21, non-pregnant 21). Plasma IL-10 was significantly higher in pregnant women at 12, 20 and 35 weeks of gestation (p<0.05, p<0.01 and p<0.0001, respectively), and in mothers post-delivery (p<0.01) when compared to non-pregnant control subjects. Furthermore, there was no significant effect of gestational time on IL-10 concentration. Results from the current Study Suggest that elevated IL-10 is a physiological consequence of normal healthy pregnancy. These findings help clarify previous conflicting results and establish a range for plasma levels of IL-10 in normal healthy pregnancy. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
ID Code:3587
Deposited By:Dr Julie Wallace
Deposited On:15 Dec 2009 15:33
Last Modified:11 Feb 2013 16:07

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