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Manufacture and Testing of 3D Woven Natural Fibre Composites

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Soden, Julie, Stewart, Graeme, Campbell, Donna and McIlhagger, Alistair (2009) Manufacture and Testing of 3D Woven Natural Fibre Composites. In: ICCM-17 International Conference on Composite Materials, EICC Edinburgh International Conference Centre. Institute of Materials,Minerals and Mining. 11 pp. [Conference contribution]

PDF (published version from CD proceedings) - Published Version


This cross-discipline collaborative paper reports new developments in the design, manufacture and testing of 3D reinforced natural fibre woven composites with structural strength potential. It discusses the 3D weave architectures used, details the VARTM composite processing method and highlights the challenges of producing structural thermoset epoxy composites from naturally derived yarns such as flax and viscose rayon. It also introduces 3D woven composites embedded in a bio-derived resin and offers initial mechanical property data for these materials.This conference paper and oral presentation disseminated some milestone goals reached during an AHRC funded research project developing natural fibre composite materials (AHE007953/1 2007-09). This was a cross-discipline joint faculty collaboration between textile design and engineering composites within UU. Its International reach is evident through significant collaborations with (patent-holding) resin developers Prof R Wool (Centre Composite Materials, University Delaware, USA) and Transfuran Chemicals BVBA, Belgium. The intended application area is the engineering field.Selected from over 1500 abstracts submitted for ICCM-17, a major conference within the field with 1000+ global delegates, and 8+ plenary sessions running in parallel over 5 days. The paper was presented alongside leaders in the technical textiles field (Sir John Hearle, Director of the Textile Institute UK, 3Tex Inc, USA). Woven fabric and resin impregnation were customised in accordance with manufacturers technical recommendations to produce quality materials for a mechanical test programme. The mechanical test methods are scientifically verified against ISO Standard criteria. Naturally derived fibres (flax,viscose rayon) and bio-resins derived from crop oils (Soy-bean) and hemi-cellulose sugars (Furan) are essential new materials the author has developed (in collaboration with resin manufacturers) attempting to match the properties that glass and flax fibre/epoxy composites attained. These 3D woven, natural fibre bio-resin composites use materials which had not been produced together as the resin was still in commercial infancy and was customised to enable these composites to be fabricated.

Item Type:Conference contribution (Paper)
Keywords:3D Woven, Natural Fibre, Fibre Reinforced Composites, VARTM
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment
Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment > Belfast School of Art
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Art and Design Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute
Art and Design Research Institute > Future and Virtual Worlds
Engineering Research Institute > Engineering Composites
ID Code:3353
Deposited By:Dr Julie Brennan
Deposited On:17 Dec 2009 10:12
Last Modified:07 Oct 2013 11:57

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