McKillop, Aine, Abdel-Wahab, Yasser, Mooney, MH, O'Harte, Finbarr and Flatt, Peter (2002) Secretion of glycated insulin from pancreatic beta-cells in diabetes represents a novel aspect of beta-cell dysfunction and glucose toxicity. DIABETES AND METABOLISM, 28 (6, Part 2). S61-S69. [Journal article]
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Hyperglycaemia, a significant pathophysiological state in diabetes mellitus, may contribute to defective pancreatic beta-cell function, secretion and action of insulin through glycation of important regulatory proteins. This paper highlights recent data supporting the concept that pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction is associated with increased glycation of functional proteins. The pancreatic beta-cell provides a highly favourable environment for the intracellular glycation of insulin which is a relatively rapid, glucose-dependent process. Using a novel radioimmunoassay and immunocytochemical techniques, glycated insulin has been shown to be stored and secreted from pancreatic beta-cells in both human and animal models of diabetes. Glycated insulin represents a significant proportion of total circulating insulin in type 2 diabetes and may have impaired metabolic clearance compared with native insulin. Since glycation of insulin disturbs normal cellular function and results in decreased biological activity, it may play a significant contributory role in the insulin resistance and glucose intolerance of type 2 diabetes. Further studies are necessary to evaluate the possible significance of glycated insulin in both the pathophysiology of diabetes and future therapeutic approaches.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Biomedical Sciences Research Institute|
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
|Deposited By:||Professor Peter Flatt|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2010 15:21|
|Last Modified:||28 Feb 2011 11:17|
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