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Degradation, receptor binding, insulin secreting and antihyperglycaemic actions of palmitate-derivatised native and Ala(8)-substituted GLP-1 analogues

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Green, BD, Gault, Victor, Mooney, MH, Irwin, Nigel, Harriott, P, Greer, B, Bailey, CJ, O'Harte, Finbarr and Flatt, Peter (2004) Degradation, receptor binding, insulin secreting and antihyperglycaemic actions of palmitate-derivatised native and Ala(8)-substituted GLP-1 analogues. BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 385 (2). pp. 169-177. [Journal article]

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Abstract

The hormone glucagonlike peptide-1(736)amide (GLP-1) is released in response to ingested nutrients and acts to promote glucosedependent insulin secretion ensuring efficient postprandial glucose homeostasis. Unfortunately, the beneficial actions of GLP-1 which give this hormone many of the desirable properties of an antidiabetic drug are short lived due to degradation by dipeptidylpeptidase IV (DPP IV) and rapid clearance by renal filtration. In this study we have attempted to extend GLP-1 action through the attachment of palmitoyl moieties to the epsilon-amino group in the side chain of the Lys(26) residue and to combine this modification with substitutions of the Ala(8) residue, namely Val or aminobutyric acid (Abu). In contrast to native GLP-1, which was rapidly degraded, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 all exhibited profound stability during 12 h incubations with DPP IV and human plasma. Receptor binding affinity and the ability to increase cyclic AMP in the clonal beta-cell line BRIN-BD11 were decreased by 86- to 167-fold and 15- to 62-fold, respectively compared with native GLP-1. However, insulin secretory potency tested using BRIN-BD11 cells was similar, or in the case of [Val(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 enhanced. Furthermore, when administered in vivo together with glucose to diabetic (ob/ob) mice, [Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1, [Abu(8),Lys(pal)(26)]GLP-1 and [Val8,Lys(pal)26]GLP-1 did not demonstrate acute glucoselowering or insulinotropic activity as observed with native GLP-1. These studies support the potential usefulness of fatty acid linked analogues of GLP-1 but indicate the importance of chain length for peptide kinetics and bioavailability.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
ID Code:3026
Deposited By:Professor Peter Flatt
Deposited On:14 Jan 2010 15:55
Last Modified:19 Nov 2012 16:25

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