Liu, HK, Green, BD, McClenaghan, Neville, McCluskey, Janie and Flatt, Peter (2004) Long-term beneficial effects of vanadate, tungstate, and molybdate on insulin secretion and function of cultured beta cells. PANCREAS, 28 (4). pp. 364-368. [Journal article]
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The ultratrace elements vanadate, tungstate, and molybdate exhibit significant antihyperglycemic effects in both type 1 and 2 diabetic animals, but possible effects on the function of pancreatic beta cells are understudied. In the present study, clonal BRIN BD11 cells were cultured for 3 days with each ultratrace element to establish doses lacking detrimental effects on viable beta cell mass. Vanadate treatment ( 4 mumol/L) had no effect on cellular insulin content but improved glucose-induced insulin secretory responsiveness. However, insulin secretion mediated by PKA and PKC activation was desensitized in vanadate-treated cells. Culture with tungstate ( 300 mumol/L) and molybdate ( 1 mmol/L) increased cellular insulin content and enhanced basal insulin release and the responsiveness to glucose and a wide range of other secretagogues. These observations suggest significant effects of ultratrace elements on pancreatic beta cells that may contribute to their antihyperglycemic action.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Biomedical Sciences Research Institute|
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
|Deposited By:||Professor Peter Flatt|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2010 15:41|
|Last Modified:||15 Jun 2011 11:10|
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