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Three-Dimensional Kinematics During the Take-Off Phase in Competitive Long Jumping

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Campos, José, Gámez, Javier, Encarnación, Alberto, Gutiérrez-Dávila, Marcos, Rojas, Javier and Wallace, Eric (2013) Three-Dimensional Kinematics During the Take-Off Phase in Competitive Long Jumping. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 8 (2). pp. 395-406. [Journal article]

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to identify the relationships among selected kinematic variables that affect the take-off phase and performance in elite jumpers. The jump distance was found to be related to: i) the athlete’s approach speed before the instant of touch down; and ii) the exchange in spatial velocity components at take-off, which results in again in maximum vertical velocity of the centre of mass (CM), favoured by the use of an optimum touch-down angle of the take-off leg, an active landing of the foot at touch-down, and a motion of the take-off leg during the compression phase that helps to manage the loss of horizontal velocity. Nonetheless, the results show that an adequate velocity transformation requires an adaptive technical model to help jumpers to build an efficient individual technical pattern.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Centre of Mass, Kinematics, Long Jump, Take-off Phase
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > Ulster Sports Academy
Research Institutes and Groups:Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Sports Science and Sports Medicine
ID Code:26308
Deposited By:Mrs Julie Haydock
Deposited On:13 Jun 2013 09:56
Last Modified:13 Jun 2013 09:56

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