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Proteomic analysis of the chronically infected CF airways

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Gibson, David (2012) Proteomic analysis of the chronically infected CF airways. In: 35th European Cystic Fibrosis Conference, Dublin, Ireland. Elsevier B.V.. 2 pp. [Conference contribution]

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Abstract

Objectives: Progressive lung disease, driven by inflammation secondary to chronicbacterial infection, constitutes the chief burden of CF.We describe a systems biologyinvestigation of the pathogenesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infected CF airwaysaiming to identify biomarkers/pathways as potential targets for improved therapyor for use as prognostic indicators.Methods: We employed multi-dimensional LC-MS/MS to semi-quantitatively contrastthe cellular protein profiles of sputum from CF and control cohorts. Importantly,our approach effectively assesses the activity of CF cells directly in theirin vivo environment, so taking into account the interactions between host and thehighly complex CF microbiome.Results: 119 of the 2309 human proteins detected were common to all samples(36 CF + 12 control). Of these, 49 were down-regulated and 29 up-regulatedin CF (p<0.05). Additionally, 21 proteins were detected exclusively in all CFsamples and 17 proteins exclusively in all controls. Analysis for biological relevanceusing Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software identified molecular and cellularfunctions belonging to the categories of Cell Death; Cellular Movement; ProteinSynthesis, Degradation, Trafficking & Post-Translational Modification; Cell-to-CellSignalling and Interaction; Free Radical Scavenging; and Cellular Assembly andOrganisation as divergent between the study cohorts.Conclusions: Comparison of the infected CF cellular proteome with IPA diseaseprofiles showed up-regulation of proteins previously identified in Respiratory, Immunologicaland Inflammatory Diseases, and down-regulation of proteins associatedwith Cancer and Neurological Disease.

Item Type:Conference contribution (Speech)
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Stratified Medicine
ID Code:24211
Deposited By:Dr David Gibson
Deposited On:30 Nov 2012 13:50
Last Modified:15 Oct 2013 15:53

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