Irwin, Nigel, Frizelle, P, Montgomery, IA, Moffett, RC, O'Harte, Finbarr and Flatt, Peter (2012) Beneficial effects of the novel cholecystokinin agonist (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 in mouse models of obesity/diabetes. Diabetologia, 55 (10). pp. 2747-2758. [Journal article]
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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a rapidly degraded gastrointestinal peptide that stimulates satiety and insulin secretion. We aimed to investigate the beneficial weight-lowering and metabolic effects of the novel N-terminally modified CCK analogue, (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8.METHODS: The biological actions of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 were comprehensively evaluated in pancreatic clonal BRIN BD11 cells and in vivo in high-fat-fed and ob/ob mice.RESULTS: (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 was completely resistant to enzymatic degradation and its satiating effects were significantly (p < 0.05 to p < 0.001) more potent than CCK-8. In BRIN-BD11 cells, (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 exhibited enhanced (p < 0.01 to p < 0.001) insulinotropic actions compared with CCK-8. When administered acutely to high-fat-fed or ob/ob mice, (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 improved glucose homeostasis. Sub-chronic twice daily injections of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 in high-fat-fed mice for 28 days significantly decreased body weight (p < 0.05 to p < 0.001), accumulated food intake (p < 0.05 to p < 0.001), non-fasting glucose (p < 0.05) and triacylglycerol deposition in pancreatic (p < 0.01), adipose (p < 0.05) and liver (p < 0.001) tissue, and improved oral (p < 0.05) and i.p. (p < 0.05) glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity (p < 0.001). Similar observations were noted in ob/ob mice given twice daily injections of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8. In addition, these beneficial effects were not reproduced by simple dietary restriction and were not associated with changes in energy expenditure. There was no evidence for development of tolerance to (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8, and analysis of histology or blood-borne markers for pancreatic, liver and renal function in mice treated with (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 suggested little abnormal pathology.CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: These studies emphasise the potential of (pGlu-Gln)-CCK-8 for the alleviation of obesity and insulin resistance.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Biomedical Sciences Research Institute|
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
|Deposited By:||Dr Nigel Irwin|
|Deposited On:||17 Sep 2012 15:25|
|Last Modified:||19 Nov 2012 15:34|
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