Pattani, Aditya, McKay, Paul F, Garland, Martin J, Curran, Rhonda M, Migalska, Katarzyna, Cassidy, Corona M, Malcolm, R Karl, Shattock, Robin J, McCarthy, Helen O and Donnelly, Ryan F (2012) Microneedle mediated intradermal delivery of adjuvanted recombinant HIV-1 CN54gp140 effectively primes mucosal boost inoculations. Journal of Controlled Release, x . [Journal article]
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Dissolving polymeric microneedle arrays formulated to contain recombinant CN54 HIVgp140 and the TLR4 agonist adjuvant MPLA were assessed for their ability to elicit antigen-specific immunity. Using this novel microneedle system we successfully primed antigen-specific responses that were further boosted by an intranasal mucosal inoculation to elicit significant antigen-specific immunity. This prime-boost modality generated similar serum and mucosal gp140-specific IgG levels to the adjuvanted and systemic subcutaneous inoculations. While the microneedle primed groups demonstrated a balanced Th1/Th2 profile, strong Th2 polarization was observed in the subcutaneous inoculation group, likely due to the high level of IL-5 secretion from cells in this group. Significantly, the animals that received a microneedle prime and intranasal boost regimen elicited a high level IgA response in both the serum and mucosa, which was greatly enhanced over the subcutaneous group. The splenocytes from this inoculation group secreted moderate levels of IL-5 and IL-10 as well as high amounts of IL-2, cytokines known to act in synergy to induce IgA. This work opens up the possibility for microneedle-based HIV vaccination strategies that, once fully developed, will greatly reduce risk for vaccinators and patients, with those in the developing world set to benefit most.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Nursing
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Institute of Nursing and Health Research|
Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Maternal, Fetal and Infant Research
|Deposited By:||Dr Rhonda Curran|
|Deposited On:||28 Aug 2012 14:58|
|Last Modified:||28 Aug 2012 14:58|
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