Betzler, Nils F., Monk, Stuart A., Wallace, Eric S. and Otto, Steve R. (2012) Effects of golf shaft stiffness on strain, clubhead presentation and wrist kinematics. Sports Biomechanics, iFirst article . [Journal article]
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Abstract The aim of this study was to quantify and explain the effect of shaft stiffness on the dynamics of golfdrives.Twenty golfers performed swings with two clubs designed to differ only in shaft bending stiffness.Wrist kinematics and clubhead presentation to the ball were determined using optical motion capturesystems in conjunction with a radar device for capturing ball speed, launch angle, and spin. Shaftstiffness had a marginally small effect on clubhead and ball speeds, which increased by 0.45% (p , 0.001) and 0.7% (p ¼ 0.008), respectively, for the less stiff club. Two factors directly contributed to these increases: (i) a faster recovery of the lower flex shaft from lag to lead bending just before impact (p , 0.001); and (ii) an increase of 0.4% in angular velocity of the grip of the lower flex club at impact (p ¼ 0.003). Unsurprisingly, decreases in shaft stiffness led to more shaft bending at the transition from backswing to downswing (p , 0.001). Contrary to previous research, lead bending at impact marginally increased for the stiffer shaft (p ¼ 0.003). Overall, and taking effect sizes into account, thechanges in shaft stiffness in isolation did not have a meaningful effect on the measured parameters, for the type of shaft investigated.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Keywords:||Shaft bending, shaft flexion, motion analysis, equipment, ball speed|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > Ulster Sports Academy
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute|
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Sports Sciences
|Deposited By:||Professor Eric Wallace|
|Deposited On:||07 Jun 2012 11:20|
|Last Modified:||28 Sep 2012 10:07|
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