Ulster University Logo

Ulster Institutional Repository

Effects of golf shaft stiffness on strain, clubhead presentation and wrist kinematics

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Betzler, Nils F., Monk, Stuart A., Wallace, Eric S. and Otto, Steve R. (2012) Effects of golf shaft stiffness on strain, clubhead presentation and wrist kinematics. Sports Biomechanics, iFirst article . [Journal article]

WarningThere is a more recent version of this item available.

[img]PDF - Accepted Version
Indefinitely restricted to Repository staff only.

236Kb

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2012.681796

DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2012.681796

Abstract

Abstract The aim of this study was to quantify and explain the effect of shaft stiffness on the dynamics of golfdrives.Twenty golfers performed swings with two clubs designed to differ only in shaft bending stiffness.Wrist kinematics and clubhead presentation to the ball were determined using optical motion capturesystems in conjunction with a radar device for capturing ball speed, launch angle, and spin. Shaftstiffness had a marginally small effect on clubhead and ball speeds, which increased by 0.45% (p , 0.001) and 0.7% (p ¼ 0.008), respectively, for the less stiff club. Two factors directly contributed to these increases: (i) a faster recovery of the lower flex shaft from lag to lead bending just before impact (p , 0.001); and (ii) an increase of 0.4% in angular velocity of the grip of the lower flex club at impact (p ¼ 0.003). Unsurprisingly, decreases in shaft stiffness led to more shaft bending at the transition from backswing to downswing (p , 0.001). Contrary to previous research, lead bending at impact marginally increased for the stiffer shaft (p ¼ 0.003). Overall, and taking effect sizes into account, thechanges in shaft stiffness in isolation did not have a meaningful effect on the measured parameters, for the type of shaft investigated.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Shaft bending, shaft flexion, motion analysis, equipment, ball speed
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > Ulster Sports Academy
Research Institutes and Groups:Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute > Centre for Sports Science and Sports Medicine
ID Code:22444
Deposited By:Professor Eric Wallace
Deposited On:07 Jun 2012 11:20
Last Modified:28 Sep 2012 10:07

Available Versions of this Item

Repository Staff Only: item control page