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Query Representation through Lexical Association for Information Retrieval

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Goyal, Pawan, Behera, Laxmidhar and McGinnity, Martin (2012) Query Representation through Lexical Association for Information Retrieval. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING, 24 (12). pp. 2260-2273. [Journal article]

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URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=5963681&tag=1

DOI: 10.1109/TKDE.2011.171

Abstract

A user query for information retrieval (IR) applications may not contain the most appropriate terms (words) as actually intended by the user. This is usually referred to as the term mismatch problem and is a crucial research issue in IR. Using the notion of relevance, we provide a comprehensive theoretical analysis of a parametric query vector, which is assumed to represent the information needs of the user. A lexical association function has been derived analytically using the system relevance criteria. The derivation is further justified using an empirical evidence from the user relevance criteria. Such analytical derivation as presented in this paper provides a proper mathematical framework to the query expansion techniques, which have largely been heuristic in the existing literature. By using the generalized retrieval framework, the proposed query representation model is equally applicable to the vector space model (VSM), Okapi best matching 25 (Okapi BM25) and Language Model (LM). Experiments over various datasets from TREC show that the proposed query representation gives statistically significant improvements over the baseline Okapi BM25 and LM as well as other well known global query expansion techniques. Empirical results along with the theoretical foundations of the query representation confirm that the proposed model extends the state-of-the-art in global query expansion.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Information Retrieval, Lexical Association, Query Expansion, Language Model
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Computing and Intelligent Systems
Research Institutes and Groups:Computer Science Research Institute
Computer Science Research Institute > Intelligent Systems Research Centre
ID Code:21052
Deposited By:Dr Laxmidhar Behera
Deposited On:14 Feb 2012 16:08
Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 14:28

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