Donnelly, Caroline, Blaney, Janine, Lowe-Strong, Andrea, MCCrumb, EE and Gracey, Jackie (2011) A randomised controlled trial testing the feasibility and efficacy of a physical activity behavioural change intervention in managing fatigue with gynaecological cancer survivors. Gynecologic Oncology, 122 (3). pp. 618-624. [Journal article]
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Objective. To determine the feasibility and efficacy of a physical activity behavioural change intervention inmanaging cancer-related fatigue among gynaecological cancer survivors during and post anti-cancer treatments.Methods. A two arm, single blind, randomised controlled trial was conducted within the Northern Ireland regional Cancer Centre. Thirty three sedentary gynaecological cancer survivors (stage I-III; <3 years postdiagnosis), experiencing cancer-related fatigue (mild-severe) took part. Participants were randomly assigned to a behavioural change, moderate intensity physical activity intervention (n=16) or a Contact Control group (n=17). The primary outcome was fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Symptom Inventory-Short Form and Functional Assessment in Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue subscale). Secondary outcomes included quality of life, physical functioning, positive and negative affect, depression, body composition, sleep dysfunction and self-reported physical activity. Feasibility was assessed based on the recruitment rate, programme and physical activity adherence and participants' programme evaluation, including optional focus groups (n=16).Results. Twenty five percent of eligible women took part (33/134). Participants were 8.7 (SD=9.1) months postdiagnosis, with a mean age of 53 (SD=10.3) years. The majority of the sample had a diagnosis of ovarian (n=12) or endometrial cancer (n=11). Significant differences favouring the intervention group were observed for fatigue at 12 weeks and 6 months follow-up (12 week mean difference=11.06; 95% confidence interval (CI)=21.89 to 0.23; effect size (d)=0.13; p=0.046; 6 month mean difference=19.48; 95% CI=19.67 to19.15; effectsize (d)=0.20; p=0.01). A mean of 10 calls (SD=1.2 calls) were delivered to the Physical Activity Group, and 10 (SD=1.6 calls) to the CC group. The intervention was positively perceived based on exit questionnaire and focus group findings.Conclusions. A physical activity behavioural change intervention for gynaecological cancer survivors is feasible in terms of participants' programme adherence and evaluation, and the intervention demonstrates improvements in fatigue. However, confirmation in the form of a larger fully powered RCT is warranted.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Nursing
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Institute of Nursing and Health Research|
Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Centre for Health and Rehabilitation Technologies
Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Maternal, Fetal and Infant Research
|Deposited By:||Dr Jackie Gracey|
|Deposited On:||13 Feb 2012 16:27|
|Last Modified:||27 Jun 2012 16:21|
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