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Are emergency care nurses prepared for chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or explosive incidents?

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Mitchell , Christina J., Kernohan, George and Higginson , Ray (2012) Are emergency care nurses prepared for chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or explosive incidents? International Emergency Nursing, 20 . pp. 151-161. [Journal article]

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URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2011.10.001

DOI: 10.1016/j.ienj.2011.10.001

Abstract

Two main areas exist within emergency care where chemical, biological, radiological, nuclearand explosive preparedness can be focused: departmental preparedness and staff prepared-ness. This study focused upon the latter.Aim: To identify areas where nurses require training in order to improve preparedness for aCBRNe incident.Methods: A competency questionnaire was developed from the literature and completed by 50nursing staff across three Emergency Departments within one NHS Trust in Northern Ireland.Descriptive analysis was used for the quantitative data along with content analysis for the qual-itative questions.Results: Six key areas were identified for training; waste management (including clinicalwaste, contaminated clothing, contaminated water and the management of the contaminateddeceased), Triage, Chain of command, PODs, awareness of the range of Personal ProtectiveEquipment and its appropriate use and the decontamination of people and equipment.Conclusion: There is a need for a standardised ‘blueprint’ of role-specific competency criteriafor a CBRNe incident for all emergency healthcare staff. The assessment tool used in this studycan help to assess levels of preparedness amongst nursing staff and, if adapted accordingly,help gauge preparedness of other key healthcare professionals.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:CBRNe; Emergency nursing; Major incident preparedness
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Nursing
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute of Nursing and Health Research
Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Managing Chronic Illness
ID Code:20499
Deposited By:Professor George Kernohan
Deposited On:13 Feb 2012 16:03
Last Modified:21 Jun 2012 12:20

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