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Drug Kesistance in Marine Bacteria

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Thavasi , R and Banat, Ibrahim (2009) Drug Kesistance in Marine Bacteria. In: Currnet Trends In Antibiotic Resistance In Infectious Diseases. I.K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India., pp. 166-178. ISBN 978-93-80026-70-1 [Book section]

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Abstract

The emergence of antibiotic resistance among marine bacteria has both a direct and an indirect impact on human and animal health. An important part of the dispersal and evolution of antibiotic resistant microorganisms depends on and occurs in the water environments. In marine water, bacteria from different origins (human, animal and environmental) are able to mix and resistance consequently evolves as a result of unwanted yet spontaneous exchange and shuffling of genes, genetic platforms and genetic vectors. At the same time antibiotics, disinfectants, pesticides and heavy metals are released in marine environment and may ultimately exert selection pressures, as well as ecological damage in water communities, eventually resulting in increased antibiotic resistance. Preventative and management methods aimed at reducing resistant bacterial load in wastewaters, and the sheer amounts of antimicrobial agents originating, in most cases from hospitals and farms, include optimization of disinfection procedures and management of wastewater and manure. A policy for preventing mixing of bacteria originating from human and animal sources with environmental organisms seems advisable. This Chapter focuses on mechanisms of antibiotic resistance, research on antibiotic resistance in marine bacteria and routs of transmission of marine antibiotic resistant pathogens to human.

Item Type:Book section
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Pharmaceutical Science and Practice
ID Code:19851
Deposited By:Professor Ibrahim Banat
Deposited On:06 Sep 2011 09:30
Last Modified:16 May 2012 11:14

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