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Peptidomic analysis of skin secretions from the bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus (Ranidae) identifies multiple peptides with potent insulin-releasing activity

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Mechkarska, Milena, Ojo, Opeolu O., Meetani, Mohammed A., Coquet, Laurent, Jouenne, Thierry, Abdel-Wahab, Yasser, Flatt, Peter, King, Jay D. and Conlon, J. Michael (2011) Peptidomic analysis of skin secretions from the bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus (Ranidae) identifies multiple peptides with potent insulin-releasing activity. PEPTIDES, 32 (2). pp. 203-208. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2010.11.002

Abstract

Using a combination of reversed-phase HPLC and electrospray mass spectrometry, peptidomic analysis of norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions of the American bullfrog Litho bates catesbeianus Shaw, 1802 led to the identification and characterization of five newly described peptides (ranatuerin-1CBb, ranatuerin-2CBc, and -CBd, palustrin-2CBa, and temporin-CBf) together with seven peptides previously isolated on the basis of their antimicrobial activity (ranatuerin-1CBa, ranatuerin-2CBa, brevinin-1CBa, and -1CBb, temporin-CBa, -CBb, and -CBd). The abilities of the most abundant of the purified peptides to stimulate the release of insulin from the rat BRIN-BD11 clonal beta cell line were evaluated. Ranatuerin-2CBd (GFLDIIKNLGKTFAGHMLDKIRCTIGTCPPSP) was the most potent peptide producing a significant stimulation of insulin release (119% of basal rate, P<0.01) from BRIN-BD11 cells at a concentration of 30 nM, with a maximum response (236% of basal rate, P<0.001) at a concentration of 3 mu M. Ranatuerin-2CBd did not stimulate release of the cytosolic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase at concentrations up to 3 mu M, indicating that the integrity of the plasma membrane had been preserved. Brevinin-1CBb (FLPFIAR-LAAKVFPSIICSVTKKC) produced the maximum stimulation of insulin release (285% of basal rate, P<0.001 at 3 mu M) but the peptide was cytotoxic at this concentration. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Diabetes
ID Code:19688
Deposited By:Dr Nigel Irwin
Deposited On:18 Aug 2011 11:37
Last Modified:18 Aug 2011 11:37

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