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Acquired equivalence in human discrimination learning: The role of propositional knowledge

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Smyth, Sinead, Barnes-Holmes, Dermot and Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne (2008) Acquired equivalence in human discrimination learning: The role of propositional knowledge. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-ANIMAL BEHAVIOR PROCESSES, 34 (1). pp. 167-177. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.1037/0097-7403.34.1.167

Abstract

The current study investigated the role of propositional knowledge in human acquired equivalence effects. Across 5 experiments, human adults were trained to associate different visual stimuli. Subsequent procedures presented training that was either consistent or inconsistent with the previous associations. More accurate responding in the consistent versus inconsistent condition reflected an acquired equivalence effect. The results of Experiment I indicated that a previously reported divergence between verbal and associative processes was likely due to instructional control. Experiments 2-5 further examined the role of verbal processes and demonstrated that acquired equivalence may be produced with verbal instructions alone and critically through a combination of instructions and actual stimulus pairings. The current data not only challenge a purely associative account but actively support an interaction between verbal and associative processes in producing the acquired equivalence effect in humans.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute
Psychology Research Institute > Behavioural Neuroscience & Behavioural Analysis
ID Code:1845
Deposited By:Mrs Fiona Harkin
Deposited On:23 Dec 2009 09:54
Last Modified:23 Dec 2009 09:54

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