Ulster University Logo

Ulster Institutional Repository

The importance of context specificity in work stress research: A test of the Demand-Control-Support model in academics

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

McClenahan, Carol, Giles, Melanie and Mallett, John (2007) The importance of context specificity in work stress research: A test of the Demand-Control-Support model in academics. WORK AND STRESS, 21 (1). pp. 85-95. [Journal article]

Full text not available from this repository.

DOI: 10.1080/02678370701264552


The Demand-Control (D-C) (Karasek, 1979) and the Demand-Control-Support (D-C-S) (Johnson & Hall, 1988; Johnson, Hall, & Theorell, 1989; Karasek & Theorell, 1990) models of work stress suggest that jobs with high demands and low control (and low support) are stressful. In line with the support in the literature for context-specificity in occupational stress research (Sparks & Cooper, 1999) and the limited and even contradictory support for interaction effects, the main aim of the present study was to examine how the D-C-S model applied in a well-defined occupational group. Using hierarchical regression analyses, and controlling for negative affect, the D-C-S model accounted for 26%, 6%, and 8% of the variance in job satisfaction, psychological distress and burnout, respectively, among 166 academics in a UK university. No two-way or three-way interactive effects were evident, but additive effects of job demands and control on psychological well-being and of job demands and support on both burnout and job satisfaction were shown, corroborating research showing that high job strain is linked to ill health and job dissatisfaction in this homogenous occupational sample. It is recommended that, in future, research includes more variables that are specific to a particular occupation.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute
Psychology Research Institute > Health and Wellbeing
ID Code:1703
Deposited By:Mrs Fiona Harkin
Deposited On:23 Dec 2009 09:40
Last Modified:22 Jun 2011 14:55

Repository Staff Only: item control page