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DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CLINICALLY ANXIOUS AND NONANXIOUS SUBJECTS IN A STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE TRAINING TASK INVOLVING THREAT WORDS

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Leslie, Julian, TIERNEY, KJ, ROBINSON, CP, Keenan, Mickey, WATT, A and BARNES, D (1993) DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CLINICALLY ANXIOUS AND NONANXIOUS SUBJECTS IN A STIMULUS EQUIVALENCE TRAINING TASK INVOLVING THREAT WORDS. PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD, 43 (1). pp. 153-161. [Journal article]

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Abstract

Eight clinically anxious and eight non-anxious subjects were exposed to a stimulus equivalence training procedure. Each matching-to-sample training involved threatening situations (A), nonsense syllables (B), and pleasant-state adjectives (C). All subjects met criteria for learning A-B relationships and B-C relationships in a matching-to-sample procedure, but in the critical test phase (where C sample elements are matched to A elements) the non-anxious group differed from the anxious group on two of the three C-A tests. Responding appropriately on all three C-A tests, thus indicating that the stimuli had become members of an equivalence class, occurred in six out of eight non-anxious subjects and only one out of eight anxious subjects. This striking between-group difference suggests that the presence of clinical anxiety can affect stimulus equivalence class formation, and that the procedures used here could be developed as a diagnostic procedure.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Psychology Research Institute
Psychology Research Institute > Behavioural Neuroscience & Behavioural Analysis
ID Code:1673
Deposited By:Mrs Fiona Harkin
Deposited On:23 Dec 2009 09:35
Last Modified:13 Mar 2012 16:33

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