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An exploration of the factor structure of the Nursing Work Index

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Slater, P and McCormack, Brendan (2007) An exploration of the factor structure of the Nursing Work Index. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 4 (1). pp. 30-39. [Journal article]

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URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/wvn.2007.4.issue-1/issuetoc

DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-6787.2007.00076.x

Abstract

Rationale: The nurse shortage is increasing in the developed world. Organisational context is important in determining issues associated with nurse shortages, such as retention, recruitment, and job satisfaction. Recent research has utilised the Nursing Work Index-Revised (NWI-R) as a measure of organisational context traits. Within the NWI-R a four-factor model has been reported as being important in determining good organisational context, yet researchers have recently questioned the stability of the four-factor structure.Aim: No known study has attempted to replicate the four-factor structure reported in the NWI-R. The aim of this research is to examine the factor structure of the 15 items that comprise the four factors of the NWI-R.Methods: The NWI-R is an instrument that is focused on capturing organisational attributes that characterise professional nursing environments. A random sample of 172 (50%) acute care hospital nurses completed the NWI-R as part of a larger research project. The sample was diverse concerning nursing grade and specialty. Data were analysed using SPSS.11.0 to extract factors’ structures (principal component and maximum likelihood), measures of homogeneity and descriptive statistics were generated from the findings.Results: The four-factor structure of the NWI-R was not replicated in the data analysis. Instead a modified three-factor structure was identified accounting for 57% of the variance. Measures of internal consistency were acceptable.Discussion: Previous research utilised the four factors of the NWI-R as a method to identify supportive organisational context and practice. The three-factor model raises questions regarding the stability of the findings using the NWI-R. This research shows the synthesis of the two models in light of previous findings.Conclusions/Implications: The findings might have far reaching implications for research that has utilised the NWI-R as a measure of organisational

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Nursing
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute of Nursing and Health Research
Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Person-centred Practice
ID Code:15837
Deposited By:Dr Paul Slater
Deposited On:12 Oct 2010 11:49
Last Modified:15 Jun 2011 11:11

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