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The planar shape of drumlins

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Spagnolo, M, Clark, C.D., Hughs, A.L.C, Dunlop, P. and Stokes, C.R. (2010) The planar shape of drumlins. Sedimentary Geology, 232 . pp. 119-129. [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.elsevi e r.com/locate/sedgeo

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2010.01.008

Abstract

The asymmetry of the planar shape of drumlins is an established paradigm in the literature and characterizes drumlins as resembling tear drops with a blunt (bullet-shaped) stoss end and a tapering (pointed) lee end. It is widely cited and never been seriously questioned. In this paper, the planar shape of 44,500 drumlins mapped in various regional settings from drumlin fields in North America and Northern Europe were objectively analysed by means of Geographic Information System tools. Two parameters were considered. The first (denoted here as Aspl) focuses on the relative position of the point of intersection between the axes of the maximum length and the maximum width. It is defined as the distance between the upstream (i.e. beginning of the drumlin) and the intersection point (measured along the longitudinal axis) divided by the entire length of the long axis. Results indicate that the intersection point of the majority of drumlins (64%) isvery close to the longitudinal midpoint (0.33bAsplb0.66). The second parameter (Aspl_A) is defined as the ratio between the area of the upstream half of the drumlin to that of the entire drumlin. Results show that for most drumlins (81%), the upper half area is almost as large as the down-half (0.45bAspl_Ab0.55). Taken together, these results concordantly indicate that drumlin planar shape has a strong tendency to be longitudinally symmetric and that the long-established paradigm of their plan form is false.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Drumlins
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Environmental Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Environmental Sciences Research Institute
Environmental Sciences Research Institute > Quaternary Environmental Change
ID Code:14445
Deposited By:Dr Paul Dunlop
Deposited On:22 Nov 2010 00:15
Last Modified:22 Nov 2010 00:15

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