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Outdoor air pollution and infant mortality: analysis of daily time-series data in 10 English cities

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Hajat, S, Armstrong, B, Wilkinson, P, Busby, A and Dolk, Helen (2007) Outdoor air pollution and infant mortality: analysis of daily time-series data in 10 English cities. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61 (8). pp. 719-722. [Journal article]

Full text not available from this repository.

URL: http://jech.bmj.com/content/61/8.toc

DOI: 10.1136/jech.2006.053942

Abstract

Background: There is growing concern that moderate levels of outdoor air pollution may be associated with infant mortality, representing substantial loss of life-years. To date, there has been no investigation of the effects of outdoor pollution on infant mortality in the UK. Methods: Daily time-series data of air pollution and all infant deaths between 1990 and 2000 in 10 major cities of England: Birmingham, Bristol, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Middlesbrough, Newcastle, Nottingham and Sheffield, were analysed. City-specific estimates were pooled across cities in a fixed-effects meta-regression to provide a mean estimate. Results: Few associations were observed between infant deaths and most pollutants studied. The exception was sulphur dioxide (SO2), of which a 10 μg/m3 increase was associated with a RR of 1.02 (95% CI 1.01 to 1.04) in all infant deaths. The effect was present in both neonatal and postneonatal deaths. Conclusions: Continuing reductions in SO2 levels in the UK may yield additional health benefits for infants.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute of Nursing and Health Research
Institute of Nursing and Health Research > Maternal, Fetal and Infant Research
ID Code:11868
Deposited By:Mrs Barbra Webber
Deposited On:12 Feb 2010 15:02
Last Modified:18 Oct 2011 15:32

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