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Emmetropisation in human infancy: rate of change is related to initial refractive error.

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Saunders, Kathryn, Woodhouse, J M and Westall, C A (1995) Emmetropisation in human infancy: rate of change is related to initial refractive error. Vision research, 35 (9). pp. 1325-8. [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00426989

Abstract

Animal studies show that the rate of recovery from experimentally induced refractive errors is related to the level of ametropia induced. The present study examined the rate of emmetropisation occurring in a sample of 22 human infants refracted by near retinoscopy during the first six months of life and then again between 12 and 17 months old. None of the subjects were myopic. Regression analysis revealed that emmetropisation occurred more rapidly in the presence of high refractive errors (P < 0.005 and P = 0.001 for hyperopia and astigmatism respectively). These data confirm the findings of the animal studies and suggest that non-reducing hyperopia and astigmatism in the second year of life may require correction.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Vision
ID Code:1065
Deposited By:Professor Kathryn Saunders
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 16:56
Last Modified:18 Jan 2010 15:29

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