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Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome.

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Woodhouse, J M, Pakeman, V H, Cregg, M, Saunders, Kathryn, Parker, M, Fraser, W I, Sastry, P and Lobo, S (1997) Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome. Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 74 (10). pp. 844-51. [Journal article]

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URL: http://journals.lww.com/optvissci/pages/default.aspx

Abstract

Significant refractive errors are common among older children and adults with Down syndrome. We examined infants and children with Down syndrome to determine the prevalence of these errors at younger ages. Noncycloplegic retinoscopy was used to determine the refractive state of 92 infants and children with Down syndrome, aged 4 months to 12 years. The results for infants show a similar distribution of refractive errors in patients with Down syndrome and an age-matched control group. However, rather than a narrower distribution for the older age groups, as is the case with the controls, the distribution is wider, and the prevalence of refractive errors (including astigmatism) is higher among young children with Down syndrome than among controls. This high prevalence of refractive defects cannot be explained by the presence of strabismus or other pathologies.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Vision
ID Code:1057
Deposited By:Professor Kathryn Saunders
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 16:53
Last Modified:18 Jan 2010 15:25

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