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The changing visual profile of children attending a regional specialist school for the visually impaired in Northern Ireland.

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

McClelland, Julie, Saunders, Kathryn, Hill, Nan, Magee, Anne, Shannon, Myrtle and Jackson, A Jonathan (2007) The changing visual profile of children attending a regional specialist school for the visually impaired in Northern Ireland. Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists), 27 (6). pp. 556-60. [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0275-5408

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the changing profile of children attending a special school for visually impaired children over a 30-year period. METHODS: Between 1975 and 2004, 266 children were identified as having been students in the introductory years to secondary education at Jordanstown School. School records and records from the Regional Paediatric Low Vision Clinic at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast were examined to obtain data regarding age, primary ophthalmic diagnosis, visual acuity and any additional impairment. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant change in mean visual acuity of the children entering the secondary school over this period (p > 0.1). Albinism was the most common single condition (20.3%). Notable also was the reduction in incidence of visual impairment following congenital glaucoma and cataract and the corresponding increase in cortical visual impairment (CVI) during this period. CONCLUSION: During the last 30 years medical/surgical treatment has reduced the impact of treatable conditions (e.g. cataract) on visual impairment to the extent that their prevalence within this school has decreased. Consequently, children with non-treatable conditions (e.g. albinism) constitute a larger proportion of the school population. An increase in the proportion of children with CVI and learning disability in the school was noted.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Vision
ID Code:1045
Deposited By:Professor Kathryn Saunders
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 16:48
Last Modified:15 Mar 2011 16:25

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