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Clinical judgement of near pupil responses provides a useful indicator of focusing ability in children with cerebral palsy.

Biomedical Sciences Research Institute Computer Science Research Institute Environmental Sciences Research Institute Nanotechnology & Advanced Materials Research Institute

Saunders, Kathryn, McClelland, Julie, Richardson, Patrick and Stevenson, Mike (2008) Clinical judgement of near pupil responses provides a useful indicator of focusing ability in children with cerebral palsy. Developmental medicine and child neurology, 50 (1). pp. 33-7. [Journal article]

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URL: http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0012-1622


Accommodation is often reduced in cerebral palsy (CP). Knowledge about accommodative facility is valuable when investigating a child's visual needs and developing strategies for education. With normal accommodation, changing focus from distance to near results in pupil constriction. We compared quality of near pupil responses (NPR) with objective measures of accommodative function obtained with dynamic retinoscopy (DR) to investigate the utility of NPR in indicating accommodative facility. NPR and accommodative function of 90 children with CP (56 males, 34 females; median age 11y, range 4-18y) were assessed. A total of 93% of participants had spastic CP (71.3% bilateral involvement, 28.7% hemiplegia). The severity of motor impairment ranged from very mild (n=7) to severe (no independent walking, n=28). NPR was classified subjectively as normal, reduced, or absent and compared with DR measures of accommodative response. A total of 9.8% of pupil responses were judged absent, 25.6% reduced, and 64.6% normal. Participants with reduced or absent pupil responses demonstrated significantly poorer levels of accommodation with DR (one-way analysis of variance p<0.01). Sensitivity and specificity of NPR in identifying participants with reduced accommodation were 83% (95% confidence interval [CI] 65.5-92.4%) and 72% (95% CI 58.4-82.0%) respectively. NPR provides a rapid, useful indicator of accommodative function in children with CP.

Item Type:Journal article
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Vision
ID Code:1044
Deposited By:Professor Kathryn Saunders
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 16:48
Last Modified:15 Mar 2011 16:24

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